Art Projects for Primary School Students by Raquel Redmond
Chroma2 paint, from Chroma Australia has been used in this painting tutorial.
Art TechniquePainting and collage
Age GroupAppropriate for students 6–12 years of age
ConceptStudents work from their observation drawings using their imagination to create a composition in collage onto canvas that is then painted.
Sessions3 x 90 minute sessions
Arrange the desks in groups of four or six and cover them with sheets of newspaper secured with masking tape so the students can work in groups and easily reach for the shared art materials.
- 1 medium point black felt pen per student
- 1 bottle of 500 ml Chromacryl black drawing ink dispensed in small jars with lids, if using bamboo pens only
- 1 x A3 sized cartridge paper per student
- Pictures of tropical plants – or actual foliage collected from the garden
- 1 small rag per student, to clean fingers.
- 1 old paint shirt or smock per student
- 1litre of kids PVA glue per class, dispensed into small plastic containers with lids.
- 1 pair scissors per student
- 4 litres of Chromacryl Gesso per class. An alternative to gesso is cheap white house paint
- 1 stick of coloured chalk per student
- 1 x #10 short handle cheap paint brush to apply glue.
- tissue paper – yarns – old ribbons – corrugated cardboard – kitchen cloth like Chux wipes – small pieces of fabric – old doilies – plain cardboard – cellophane and any other small bits suitable for collage.
- 1 x 2 litre bottle of Chroma2 paint in the following warm and cool colours of yellow, blue and red plus black and white
- 1 18 x 14 inch canvas or canvas board for each student
- 1 x #6 hog hair paint bush per student
- 1 x #4 hog hair paint bush per student
- 1–2 boxes of coloured chalk per class
- 2 water containers for each group
- 2 x ice cube trays containing paint for each group of 4 to 6 desks
- 1 x roll of plastic cling wrap to cover paint trays at the end of the session
- 1 x small newspaper to cover all of the desks
- 1 x roll of masking tape
- Several sheets of scrap paper per student to mix their colours
- 1 x plastic bucket with soapy water to wash the paint brushes in.
Paint spilt on garments will come off when washed by hand. Rinse the garment in cold running water and rub the area where the paint has dried. Soak for a minimum of 2 hours or overnight in a laundry tub or a bucket, add 2 table spoons of laundry detergent and enough water to cover the garment. After soaking, rub off the remaining paint in the sudsy water and hey presto... a clean shirt!
Mixed media painting/collage is a very exciting painting project for primary school children appealing to those as young as five years of age. This tutorial presents an opportunity to use your imagination to create a composition in collage form, using different materials and paint on canvas.
This project can be approached in different ways using various themes for inspiration. The theme for this particular project is based on a magic garden—a garden where anything is possible. Leaves are big and colourful, birds are taller than trees and flowers are vibrant and dance about in the wind.
Students are required to observe plants and flowers and encouraged to sketch out their observations and ideas onto paper before starting on their canvas.
This project presents two objectives: (1) students will draw plants collected from a garden or from pictures of tropical plants, to familiarise themselves with shapes, lines, textures and repetitive patterns that are directly found in nature. (2) there is also opportunity for students to ‘view, think and interpret’ their findings by imagining (in this instance) nature as a ‘Magical Garden’ that will encourage them to broaden their visualisation skills and creativity with an element
of fantasy in the mix.
For visual references and inspiration show the class paintings by artists such as Henry Rousseau in addition to pictures of tropical plants and gardens.
Please watch our video on Mixed Media Painting part one and part two.
Teachers can view the video and then start the discussion among students, or start by discussing ideas first and then show the video.
Room Set-Up and Preparation
Arrange the desks in groups of four or six and cover them with sheets of newspaper secured with masking tape so the students can work in groups and easily reach for the shared art materials. (1, 2 and 3)
A list of recycled materials should be sent home to the parents. The type of recycled materials will depend on the theme of project, just tick the materials required before sending the list home.
Download and print the Recyclable Sheet.
Prepare all of the materials in advance
- Cut the newspaper, tissue paper and kitchen wipes, corrugated cardboard, yarns and textiles into small pieces, about 10 x 10 cm.
- Set up each of the grouped tables with the art materials required for this tutorial centrally placed and within reach of the youngest student.
Motivation – Drawing – Planning
Show visual references; focus on the magnificent gardens and jungles that Henry Rousseau painted. Show big leaves from a garden if available and/or show pictures of tropical plants. Alternatively and time permitting, take the students for a nature walk and collect some foliage as appropriate along the way.
Discuss ideas and encourage the students to find and describe shapes, colours, textures, lines and repetitions found in the samples of foliage that were collected or observed in the picture reference.
View the video on Pen and Ink Drawing so the students will have a clear idea how to approach the drawing of foliage
At this point, students will be motivated to start their drawings using black pens, or pen and ink on their A3 cartridge paper. Display collected foliage in the centre of each table. (4)
The same room set up applies for each session. This second session involves collage, therefore all the materials and equipment for collage should be placed in the centre of the grouped tables.
Students are encouraged to use their imagination and creativity to create a drawing of a ‘Magical Garden’ on their canvas. Using the coloured chalk, students will copy the shapes from their preliminary A3 drawings onto the canvas. They should be encouraged to draw simple large shapes, without any detail at this point, to make collaging of shapes, lines and textures an easy task. (5)
Once the chalk drawings have been completed, students will start glueing their recycled materials to create a collage, as shown on the video.
Using the different materials available, students will cut shapes out of cardboard, and add lines using string, tissue paper and the other recycled materials provided, to match the shapes they have outlined in chalk on to their canvas. (6)
When all the pieces have been glued to the canvas, apply a layer of thick white paint or Gesso, all over the collaged image. At the end of the second session all the canvases should look white. (7)
When the collage has dried it will be time to paint. Students will have the paint dispensed in plastic containers on the grouped tables to share with the rest of the painting equipment—paint brushes, rags, mixing paper, and containers of water.
This is the appropriate time for the students to mix different colours—the colours that one might find in a ‘Magic Garden’. Students should be encouraged to be creative mixing their colours. Foliage on trees doesn’t necessarily need to be green, it can be any colour the student’s imagination wants it to be. There are no limitations in a ‘Magic Garden’.
Start by painting the large areas with the medium sized paint brush, applying colour using strong strokes to push the paint into the textured surface. The idea is to ensure that there are no small areas of white showing through.
When the large areas a have been painted, swap to the smaller paint brush and start to apply the detail such as, some dots, short lines, and repetitions of small patterns.
This is also the time to use the pieces of foam, cork, and rolled up cardboard to ‘print’ patterns in contrasting colours.
This tutorial involves a lot of wet media such as painting and collage glueing and it is important that all students wear a protective art smock or an old shirt.
Chroma2 paint spilt on garments will come off when washed by hand. Rinse the garment in cold water and rub the area where the paint has dried. Soak for two hours or overnight in a laundry tub or a bucket, add half a cup of laundry detergent and enough water to cover the garment. After soaking, rub off the remaining paint in the sudsy water and hey presto… a clean shirt!
For information on where to buy Chroma2 paint, visit our Brava Art Paint Suppliers education and contact the suppliers to get the best prices.